Systolic in high blood pressure refers to the force created when the heart pushes the blood forward into the arteries while in the process of blood circulation. Related to this is the “diastolic” or the lower pressure for filling up of blood in the heart’s left ventricle chamber for distribution in the next wave of blood circulation.
Blood pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) as 120 systolic and 80 diastolic or 120/80 mmHg, being the average normal blood pressure of adults. Hence, when our doctor tells us that our blood pressure reading is 120/80, rest assured that our blood pressure levels are within the normal limits. More than 120/80 can be considered having high systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
In order to have a better idea on what is the ideal level of blood pressure, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute released the following guidelines for blood pressure levels related to adults:
Normal Blood Pressure – 120/80 mmHG and below.
Prehypertension – Pressure ranges, from 120-139/80-89 mmHg.
Hypertension Stage 1 – is 140-159/90-99 mmHg.
Hypertension Stage 2 – is 160 or higher/100 or higher mmHg.
Based on these guidelines, it is indicated that maintaining blood pressure levels above the systolic and diastolic levels of 120/80 mmHg is considered putting yourself at risk of high blood pressure complications like heart attack or stroke.
If you are already being treated for high blood pressure and the repeated readings indicate that it is within the normal range, the blood pressure is considered under control. However, this does not mean that the medical condition is already cured but merely means controlled. Meaning, medications should be continued and regular doctor consultation is still needed to put it under control.
Normal symptoms of having high blood pressure are dizziness, nosebleeds, or headache. If you experience any of these symptoms, proper consultation with your doctor is already necessary.
Under ordinary circumstances, the level of blood pressure is often associated with age. This can be delayed or even prevented if we will follow a healthy lifestyle, regular check-ups, and diet plan that our doctor prescribes.
There is no guarantee either that we will not have high systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels even if we strictly adhere to what our doctor prescribed. Other factors should also be taken into consideration like family history, stress, and being overweight are just examples that can trigger the blood pressure to rise. Nevertheless, it is still better to live a healthy lifestyle to prevent occurrence of other medical problems.