Physical symptoms of high blood pressure are often mistaken as part of the normal life of the afflicted. Thus, these are often ignored resulting to a more fatal medical condition. In the US alone, almost one out of three adults has hypertension with these symptoms present, but remain undetected in the absence of doctor consultation.
The levels of blood pressure are often taken by the use of an instrument called sphygmomanometer. The reading of 120 systolic over 80 diastolic in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) or 120/80 mmHg are considered normal levels for adults based on the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines.
Nevertheless, in the absence of this medical instrument, the physical symptoms of hypertension can be any one of the following and requires immediate medical attention:
1. Nosebleed – This is considered the most common symptom and was often used as basis by the earlier generation of medical practitioners. Hence, their studies resulted to a medical finding that nose-bleeding is connected to high blood pressure particularly if there is an absence of nasal disease. This basis has not been refuted even by the modern day doctors.
Hypertension is a potentially life-threatening disease that affects 1 out of every 3 adults in the United States alone. More so, the disease is often prominent in women that are pregnant. Factually, 1 out of every 14 pregnant women is affected by Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH). Although the specified condition may frequent any pregnant woman, there are women who are more at risk. Therefore, every pregnant woman must be proactive and follow precautions to prevent the condition.
Also referred to as Preeclampsia, Toxemia or Toxemia of pregnancy, PIH clearly reveals its symptoms. In mild cases, the pregnancy may cause your blood pressure to elevate which causes you to retain water. Retaining water results in a high count of protein in your urine; this is identified, in most cases, during pre- natal care.
White coat hypertension is defined as when a person has unusually high blood pressure during a doctor’s visit. This condition is seen in both patients who have normal or low blood pressure and ones who have high blood pressure or hypertension.
White coat hypertension can cause problems if unrecognized, as it could lead to a false diagnosis of hypertension. It can also be a warning sign of cardiovascular disease, as people with white coat hypertension tend to have the same types of structural irregularities in their hearts and blood vessels as people with high blood pressure.
At this time, there’s still debate about whether attempts should be made to treat white coat hypertension. For now though, if you have this condition, it’s important that you tell your doctor about it. The causes of white coat hypertension are still somewhat unknown, although anxiety over having to visit the doctor is often given as one, as well as not properly taking your blood pressure medication.
Like many people, blood pressure runs on a daily schedule: it gets up in the morning with you, gets more active during the day, and finally, at night, it gets tired and goes to sleep. As you sleep, your blood pressure decreases until you wake up again.
And while this isn’t a problem for someone with normal or low blood pressure, it can be one for people who have high blood pressure, as it can bring about high blood pressure-related side effects such as dizziness or nausea.
There are a number of factors that can cause morning high blood pressure, including sleep apnea, certain medications, kidney disease, stress, working night shifts, tobacco and caffeine use, and of course, having high blood pressure but not taking measures to control it. Certain blood pressure medications can also cause high blood pressure to occur in the morning, as some of them don’t last a full twenty-four hours.
Pulmonary hypertension can go unnoticed until the point at which symptoms have reached uncomfortable levels, resulting in seeking treatment and a diagnosis of the problem. Pulmonary hypertension is a dysfunction of the lung that results from the narrowing of the pulmonary arteries which are responsible for providing blood to the lungs.
This makes blood flow difficult, and as a result, the blood pressure rises beyond normal levels; the high pressure causes the heart to enlarge. Pulmonary hypertension occurs in individuals of all ages, races, and ethnic backgrounds.
The first stages of symptoms are:
- Shortness of Breath
- Fainting Spells
- Swelling Lower Limbs
- Bluish lips & Skin
- Chest Pain
Advanced symptoms of the disease:
- Faster Pulse Rate
- Passing Out
- Shortness of Breath Continually
Pulmonary hypertension has many known causes, including the use of certain prescription drugs such as “Fen-Phen,” liver diseases, rheumatic disorders, lung conditions, certain heart diseases, blood clots in pulmonary arteries, low-oxygen level problems, and a genetic predisposition to the illness.
All of the causes of pulmonary hypertension are the origin of painful and bothersome symptoms a person feels typically before being diagnosed. During the first recognized symptoms of pulmonary hypertension, one should seek medical attention before advanced symptoms appear.
Unlike many diseases, high blood pressure is often present with no obvious symptoms. Therefore, the term “the silent killer” is used often to describe this disease. Stuffy nose is an obvious symptom for conditions such as a common cold. However, patients can be totally unaware that they have high blood pressure for many years. They are often able to lead their lives as per normal.
High Blood Pressure Is Often Discovered By Chance
For many patients, they often realize that they have high blood pressure on a visit to their doctor for an unrelated condition or a regular checkup. Prenatal visits are another common time when doctors diagnose mother-to-be with this condition. Therefore, leading to a abnormally high numbers of pregnant ladies to be stricken with this condition.
Manifestation As Other Problems
Symptoms can exist in many other organs that are actually caused by high blood pressure. For example, Blood vessels can be damaged which leads to complications such as Heart Attack and Stroke. These complications are often severe enough for patients to seek visits with their doctors.
Some of the symptoms that high blood pressure presents as
- Tightness, pressure, or pain in the chest or arms
- Loss of consciousness
- Low exercise tolerance
- Episodes of confusion
Everyone Should Have their Blood Pressure Checked
If you had never check the level of your blood pressure or the last time you did was a long time ago, you should immediately pick up the phone and make an appointment with your doctor. Check up on high blood pressure need not be an expensive affair, you can have yours checked inexpensively at a clinic.
High blood pressure can be a silent condition that is present for many years; therefore it is crucial that people have their blood pressure checked regularly. Anyone can get this condition, even children. This disease can be a severe condition if not treated appropriately.